The aquaponics is derived from two words or we can say that it is the combination of two terms, one is the aquaculture (growing of the aquatic life like fish) the other is the hydroponics (the growing of crops using the mineral nutrients, but the growth is done in water). The system of aquaponics doesn’t require soil and much water.
The water usage is made available to carry out other domestic functions of everyday life. Here the biological relationship of mutual benefit is maintained which is known as symbiosis in which plants and animals share themselves to get the mutual benefits. The care must be taken in ensuring the proper relationship between them otherwise there won’t be any positive outcome of the system.
The old typical farmers don’t like this system of irrigation because it lacks the absorption of the important nutrients from the soil and the water is also not available properly but the modern farmers have clarified that aquaponics doesn’t need the soil it is needed in a typical farm, but the nutrients which are provided to them are the same which are extracted by the soil plants
The whole process revolves around a regular cycle in which large tanks are needed which are used to keep the fish and plants seeds ,the fish needs food to grow which is given by the external environment ,definitely the fish will not feed on the growing plants and if this would be the case the system is not termed as the one involving the mutual benefit anymore. Hence the food to the fish is provided by the farmers.
The water in which the aquatic animals are kept will be full of the waste of the animal after sometime, this water is then given to the plants through the pipes which will take up the waste as their nutrition and the return the fresh water to the fish and the whole cycle is repeated again and again till the fish and crops are grown properly.
Besides that, the fish is the best source of protein which should not be eliminated from the diet. The choice of the fish depends upon the environment and the weather of that particular area where the crops are being grown, this system supports the growth of edible as well as the ornamental fish both can be grown but people prefer to get the dual benefit from a single system.
They prefer to grow fresh water fish which can be cooked out at the time of the need and if you possess this modern technological set up at your home then you can get the desired vegetables from your very own small farm along with the fish of your choice!